It is HOT Outside, Steps Employers Should Take to Beat the Heat



It is summer and great time to review your heat stress compliance.
I am sure all of those who work outdoors have seen information on heat stress or heat exhaustion. As employers, we have much responsibility when it comes to temperature extremes.
Just like any safety situation, OSHA requires us to follow the standard Administrative, Engineering or PPE hazard assessment. So let’s start with this in mind and go through a few possible actions. All of these actions will reduce exposure, increase productivity, and complete compliance requirements. I can not stress enough how many times following this line of thinking has increased productivity by leaps and bounds. If you are diligent you WILL see bottom line results that will have you smiling.
Steps You Can Take As an Employer
Administrative Actions
First we must look at the administrative actions we can take to keep workers safe. This is accomplished by looking into time spent in the sun. Can we rotate workers from tasks in direct sun limiting the exposure time? This is difficult and will only be an option on a small percentage of jobs. However, if possible, this can be a very effective means of limiting work time in the sun. Other administrative possibilities are changing the time the work is done. Can it be done at night? Can employees show up early each day and do the hardest labor first? Think along these lines and many solutions are likely to become clear.
Engineering Controls
Our next step will be with engineering controls. Can you install cover for shade? Shading your workers from direct sunlight will lower the temperature enough to make work more comfortable. Other engineering actions include installation and use of fans. Local and general ventilation will lower temperatures. These are just a few examples of engineering controls possibile. All jobs are unique – many solutions are there if you are diligent about assessing each situation.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Finally we have Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).  Advances in PPE that provide protection and give significant cost returns are many; with new products appearing on the market regularly and often. I can not stress enough the importance of contacting your safety vendor and having a long talk with them about the type work you do. They will have several options and you can choose what fits your task best
Personal Protective Equipment starts with clothing. The most common error many of us make is to remove clothing. Covering the skin is very much like the shade. Take a look at anyone that comes from a country with constantly hot temperatures. Have you ever seen a Sheik from the Middle East in shorts and a T shirt? NO! They come from a place on earth where the ambient temperature is always high and they cover almost 100% of their body in white.
Light color is the first consideration as it reflects sun rather than absorbing it as dark colors do. Garments made of cotton or other material that absorb water and allow for slower evaporation will cool your body. Next we have cool vests; new technology in these has resulted in light weight vests at a reasonable cost. They have cool packs that insert into pockets in the vest and last up to two hours. You can purchase extra cool packs as needed to keep in a cooler and rotate them through the day. These are very effective; I have client that tells me productivity is up 25% or more since adding cool vests. They can pay for themselves in one pay period. Employees love them and you can expect an increase in morale.
Of course, employers are responsible for providing sufficient water and disposable cups for all employees. I highly recommend in extreme heat days or high work load days to also provide electrolyte drinks.
Note: While not required, I highly recommend keeping an ear thermometer on all jobs. I advise at least one in each first aid kit. These will easily and quickly assess core temperature, which is key in determining if an employee is at risk of, or is overheating, which can rapidly turn into an unnecessary tragedy without prompt intervention.
Training is Critical
Finally, training is critical. In the summer heat any of us, even those with training, can quickly fall victim to heat stress. Train your employees with the solutions you have learned from your hazard assessment. You should purchase PPE that works best or your situation and train employees how to properly use it.  Encourage team involvement; this is one area where we all need to watch out for each other as it may well mean saving a life. Keep eyes on your fellow workers, if you see them having any symptoms, stop them from working and follow the steps below. Employers, I encourage posting the signs and symptoms below on the worksite.
Bottom line here is that with a bit of planning, forethought, and action you can protect your employees, increase productivity and have a safe and compliant worksite. I encourage all to take a look at this time of year at these and other possibilities. It is a win-win situation that your employees will appreciate. When properly implemented, your heat stress program will not only keep you in compliance, it will increase productivity and morale.
Heat Stress Symptoms & Action Steps
Heat exhaustion, or heat stress, can range in severity from mild heat cramps to heat exhaustion to potentially life-threatening heatstroke.
Signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion often begin suddenly, sometimes after excessive exercise, heavy perspiration, and inadequate fluid or salt intake.
Signs and symptoms resemble those of shock and may include:
  • Feeling faint or dizzy
  • Nausea
  • Heavy sweating
  • Rapid, weak heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure
  • Cool, moist, pale skin
  • Low-grade fever
  • Heat cramps
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Dark-colored urine
If you suspect heat exhaustion:
  • Get the person out of the sun and into a shady or air-conditioned location.
  • Lay the person down and elevate the legs and feet slightly.
  • Loosen or remove the person's clothing.
  • Have the person drink cool water or other nonalcoholic beverage without caffeine.
  • Cool the person by spraying or sponging with cool water and fanning.
  • Monitor the person carefully. Heat exhaustion can quickly become heatstroke.
Call 911 or emergency medical help if the person's condition deteriorates, especially if fainting, confusion or seizures occur, or if fever of 103.F or greater occurs with other symptoms.
Author Brian Hill is owner of OshaSure in Birmingham Alabama and has over 20 years as a workplace safety and risk consultant. Brian was previously a pilot for a major US airline and member of the company’s interdepartmental safety committee. He found his new career in safety after the closing of the airline in 1991. Brian has found the same passion he had for flying in assisting companies with safety, heath and risk issues.
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Editor Michael B. Stack, CPA, Director of Operations, Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. is an expert in employer communication systems and part of the Amaxx team helping companies reduce their workers compensation costs by 20% to 50%. He is a writer, speaker, and website publisher. Contact




Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.


©2012 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact us at:

Questionable Response to Heat Illness in Amazon Warehouse

 The Morning Call, an eastern Pennsylvania newspaper, recently broke an investigative story about brutal work conditions inside an warehouse in the Lehigh Valley. Information in the series was so startling that the story was quickly picked up by news giants such as The Washington Post and  The Chicago Tribune.
Morning Call reporter Spencer Soper interviewed 20 current and former Amazon warehouse workers during the investigation. The interviewees reported extreme temperatures, production goals that were impossible to meet, and the use of only temporary workers hired by an outside agency preventing employees from gaining full-time work there. (WCxKit)
One of Soper’s sources said he quit because of mandatory overtime in temperatures above 100 degrees. Others cited seeing 15 workers (including at least two pregnant woman) carried out one day due to heat exhaustion.
“He got light-headed, he said, and his legs cramped, symptoms he never experienced in previous warehouse jobs,” Soper reported, adding witnessed accounts of workers passing out at the water fountain and paramedics bringing people out of the warehouse in wheelchairs and on stretchers.
Soper wrote, “Workers said they were forced to endure brutal heat inside the sprawling warehouse and were pushed to work at a pace many could not sustain. Employees were frequently reprimanded regarding their productivity and threatened with termination, workers said. The consequences of not meeting work expectations were regularly on display, as employees lost their jobs and got escorted out of the warehouse. Such sights encouraged some workers to conceal pain and push through injury lest they get fired as well, workers said.”
Other reports said the site safety manager, Allen Forney, “had measures in place to manage heat risk before OSHA's inspection, including heat-index sensors installed that notify warehouse managers when the index exceeds 90 degrees. Amazon purchased 2,000 cooling bandannas, which were given to every employee, and those in the dock/trailer yard received cooling vests, Forney said.”
Soper reported among Amazon’s solutions to the high temperatures was to have paramedics parked in ambulances outside and replacement workers at the ready. He also concluded that the poor economy left Amazon with the power to chose and abuse an overflowing population of people who want jobs. (WCxKit)
Multiple reports through June and July to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, including at least one from an emergency room doctor, led to August recommendations the company reduce heat in the warehouse and give employees breaks every hour.

Author Rebecca Shafer
, JD, President of Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. is a national expert in the field of workers compensation. She is a writer, speaker, and website publisher. Her expertise is working with employers to reduce workers compensation costs, and her clients include airlines, healthcare, printing, publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality, and manufacturing. See for more information. Contact:



Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.
©2011 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact

Bahrain Bans Outdoor Work In Hottest Hours Due to Safety Concerns

An appeal for more protection for outdoor workers has gone out after more than a dozen men were admitted to the hospital in the last week with severe heat exhaustion.
According to a report from the Gulf Daily News, the workers all arrived at Salmaniya Medical Complex (SMC) by midday as a result of Bahrain's soaring summer temperatures, which peaked at 41 degrees Celsius (105.8F) with humidity levels rising beyond 85 percent.(WCxKit)

Bahrain has a ban on outdoor work between midday and 4 p.m. throughout July and August. However, an emergency doctor warned the situation could become "critical" with the advent of Ramadan – when eating and drinking in public is outlawed. Ramadan takes place during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is a month of fasting meant to teach Muslims about patience, spirituality, humility, and submissiveness to God
According to the chief resident at SMC, “Though there is an afternoon work ban in place, workers and their employers should be aware that with the advent of Ramadan, the situation could become critical. It could be very harmful for workers going without water in extremely high heat and humidity, so other steps should be taken to protect them.”

He added all of the workers who came to hospital were suffering from severe cramps and nausea.(WCxKit)

Meanwhile, a Labor Ministry official reported the afternoon ban on summer work between midday and 4 p.m. was being implemented effectively.

Author Robert Elliott, executive vice president, Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. has worked successfully for 20 years with many industries to reduce Workers Compensation costs, including airlines, healthcare, printing/publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality and manufacturing. See for more information. Contact:

Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.
©2011 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact

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