Exposure to Diesel Fumes Proven to Cause Cancer

 

Call for Urgent Action for Diesel Fume Exposure
 
A call for Great Britain’s Health & Safety Executive (HSE) to take urgent action to prevent deaths in many workplaces due to exposure to diesel fumes was made recently at GMB Congress.
 
This followed the announcement from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), that Diesel is now listed as a proven human carcinogen. A HSE discussion paper in May 2012 estimates 652 deaths from occupational diesel exposure due to lung and bladder cancer and an estimated 100,000 workers exposed. [WCx]
 
GMB’s call is backed by Professor Andrew Watterson and Tommy Gorman of the Occupational and Environmental Health Research Group at the University of Stirling, Scotland.
 
Particular Concern for Professional Drivers
 
GMB has many thousands of members working as professional drivers and is particularly concerned about the crews of security vehicles which are loaded in security vaults and the many other workers who work with continually in and around diesel fumes.
 
Brian Terry, GMB senior safety representative from the security industry where workers are exposed to diesel fumes said, “In the past the HSE has said that diesel fumes might cause cancer. Now they are saying that it does.
 
GMB members across the UK working in many sectors, now know the dangers of diesel fumes in the workplaces where vehicles are used in confined spaces and the workforce are exposed. GMB is calling on the HSE to take immediate, decisive action to safe guard the many workers who will be worried by this report. [WCx]
 
Health & Safety to Prioritize Inspections
 
The HSE acknowledges that some professional drivers are a high-risk group, while other high risk groups include railway workers and lorry drivers. Officials say these groups must be prioritized by HSE in inspections and for enforcement as it is thought that the biggest risk groups have a 40% increased risk of lung cancer due to diesel exposure.
 
 

Author Michael B. Stack, CPA, Director of Operations, Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. is an expert in employer communication systems and part of the Amaxx team helping companies reduce their workers compensation costs by 20% to 50%. He is a writer, speaker, and website publisher.  www.reduceyourworkerscomp.com Contact mstack@reduceyourworkerscomp.com

 

 


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Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.

 

©2012 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact us at: Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com.

Study Shows Night Shift Work Increases Risk of Breast Cancer

 

18,551 Female Employees in Study
 
 
A Danish study is offering further evidence that cumulative night-shift work increases the risk of breast cancer, prompting calls for more advice for employers and further research on the issue.
 
According to the European Agency for Safety and Health, the researchers conducted a case-control study among a cohort of 18,551 female employees of the Danish military to investigate the risk of breast cancer after night-shift work, and to explore the role of leisure-time sun exposure and diurnal preference (whether the subjects were morning or evening people). [Wcx]
 
In keeping with the findings of previous studies in this area, the results did provide evidence of a link – specifically for those working intense night shifts for longer duration (the risk for those who worked only one or two night shifts a week was neutral). The researchers also found that women with morning preference who worked on night shifts tended to have a higher risk than those with evening preference.
 
This study, the results of which were published on the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Web site recently, differed from previous work in this area, which focused primarily on one profession (nursing) and did not take into account such modifiers as sun exposure and diurnal preference.
 
 
54% of Occupational Cancer Registrations Attributed to Shift Work
 
 
According to HSE-commissioned research by Imperial College London in 2005, an estimated 54 per cent of occupational cancer registrations in women are attributed to shift work. Between 5 and 20 per cent of UK workers are engaged in work that involves night shifts.

 

Commenting on the latest findings, TUC general secretary Brendan Barber noted “This study confirms previous research, which has shown that shift work is now the second biggest cause of work-related cancer deaths after asbestos. We need urgent advice from the HSE and government so that employers can reduce the risk of female workers developing breast cancer – for example, by identifying safer shift patterns.” [Wcx]

 

 
More Research Still Needed
 
 
Charity Breast Cancer Care said that while the comparison of morning people with ‘night-owls’ was interesting, “far more robust research is needed to be able to draw any clear conclusion that this, coupled with working frequent night-shifts over a period of time, may be a significant risk factor contributing to breast cancer. “Breast cancer is a complex disease influenced by genetics and environmental factors, as well as lifestyle choices.”

 

The HSE, which has placed shift work in third place (after asbestos and respirable silica) on its list of top ten agents/occupations attributed to causing occupational cancer, has commissioned the Cancer Epidemiology Unit at Oxford University to undertake an extensive study on the relationship between shift work and chronic disease.

 

The work will focus on shift-working patterns and lifestyle behaviors in relation to cancer and other chronic conditions in men and women, and is likely to be completed by the end of 2015. In the meantime, the Executive says its current guidance, HSG 256 Managing shift work, remains appropriate to help employers meet current legal obligations relating to hours of work and how they are scheduled.

 

The HSE is reportedly unlikely to undertake any proactive work on shift work before the results of the Oxford University research are delivered.

 

 

 

Author Michael B. Stack, CPA, Director of Operations, Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. is an expert in employer communication systems and part of the Amaxx team helping companies reduce their workers compensation costs by 20% to 50%. He is a writer, speaker, and website publisher.  www.reduceyourworkerscomp.com Contact mstack@reduceyourworkerscomp.com

 

 

 

 


WORKERS COMP MANAGEMENT MANUAL:  www.WCManual.com

VIEW SAMPLES PAGES

MODIFIED DUTY CALCULATOR:  www.LowerWC.com/transitional-duty-cost-calculator.php

 

Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.

 

©2012 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact us at: Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com.

Cancer Still Not Covered for World Trade Center Responders

 
After the New York City World Trade Centers fell, images of responders rushing in unprotected to help victims of the terrorist attach Sept. 11, 2001, are burned into the memories of every American.
 
 
Discussion loomed immediately about toxins in the air from particulate matter, burning materials, airplane fuel and more. Of course there was nothing victims could do to protect themselves and first responders, in a rush to help as quickly as possible, did not stop to assess the danger they put themselves in.
 
 
Now, a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) report indicates there is not enough evidence to link the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) towers to cancer in responders and survivors. The study means those groups will not be able to collect federal money for treatment or compensation
 
 
However, the report also does not indicate evidence of the absence of a causal association. And another review is scheduled for early 2012.
 
 
Under the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010, there must be periodic reviews of scientific and medical evidence. If a causal association were established, recovery workers and others with cancer diagnoses could be compensable.
 
 
The Zadroga Act provides funds for a specific list of illnesses, such as asthma and other respiratory diseases linked to the 911 attacks. Cancer could be included if a link was found.
 
 
The initial review was based on three information sources, according to NIOSH:

1.     
A systematic search of peer-reviewed findings on exposure and cancer resulting from the terrorist attacks that have been published in the scientific and medical literature between Sept. 11, 2001, and July 1, 2011.

2.     
Findings and recommendations related to cancer from the WTC Clinical Centers of Excellence and Data Centers, the WTC Health Registry at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, and the New York State Department of Health.

3.     
Information from the public solicited through requests for information published in the Federal Register earlier this year.
 
 
The report said there was little evidence because few published research studies on the attack mention cancer and only a small number of those are peer-reviewed. Further, cancer is a common disease, making linkage difficult, the report said. (WCxKit)
 
 

Author Rebecca Shafer
, JD, President of Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. is a national expert in the field of workers compensation. She is a writer, speaker, and website publisher. Her expertise is working with employers to reduce workers compensation costs, and her clients include airlines, healthcare, printing, publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality, and manufacturing. See www.LowerWC.com for more information. Contact: RShafer@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com.
 
 
 
Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.
 
©2011 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com.

Canadian Regulations Proving Cancer is Work-Related for Firefighters

Shortly after stating that four more cancers were added to the list of occupational diseases covered by presumptive workers compensation legislation, Alberta Employment and Immigration (AEI) has proposed including the province's 10,000 volunteer firefighters under the presumptive umbrella, according to Canadian OH&S News.
 
 
On May 10, AEI came out noting that an amendment to the Workers Compensation Act had been recently unveiled that, if passed, would permit volunteer, part-time and casual (on-call) firefighters to receive presumptive compensation for the 14 cancers currently covered under the legislation. (WCxKit)
 
 
The amendments, which went to third reading on May 11, mean that firefighters regularly exposed to the hazards of a fire scene would receive workers comp minus having to demonstrate the burden of proof. The province's 3,500 full-time
 
 
The announcement comes six days after the government added the following items: prostate, breast, skin and multiple myeloma cancers to the 10 diseases presently assumed to be work-related. British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories and Nunavut have likewise coverage for volunteer firefighters, according to an AEI statement.
 
 
Manitoba was Canada’s first jurisdiction to put in place presumptive legislation in 2002, which now includes 14 cancers and applies to full-time and volunteer firefighters. (WCxKit)
 
 
In Manitoba, the provincial Workers Compensation Board (WCB), the United Fire Fighters of Winnipeg Local 867 (UFFW) and Global Television recently partnered on a TV advertising campaign to back safe work practices and early detection and screening of occupational cancers, according to a UFFW executive board member.
 
 

Author Robert Elliott
, executive vice president, Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. has worked successfully for 20 years with many industries to reduce Workers Compensation costs, including airlines, healthcare, printing/publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality and manufacturing. See www.LowerWC.com for more information. Contact: Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com.

 
Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.
 
©2011 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com.

Public Health Advocates Calling for Diet Product Ban

For the second time in five years, public health advocates are seeking to have the Food and Drug Administration prohibit a fat-blocking drug sold over-the-counter and by prescription, noting new reports of kidney stones and pancreatic damage. Since obesity is an epidemic in the U.S., and co-morbid conditions such as obesity can aggravate a workers comp injury, we note significant developments in related products.
 
 
According to an Associated Press report, Public Citizen filed a petition with the FDA recently to have the agency remove GlaxoSmithKline's Alli and Roche's Xenical from the market. Alli is sold over-the-counter while Xenical, a greater dose of the drug, is only available through a doctor's prescription. (WCxKit)
 
 
According to Public Citizen, it identified 47 instances of acute pancreatitis and 73 kidney stones among patients using the drugs. The reports were gathered from the FDA's public database of negative drug reactions.
 
 
Known chemically as orlistat, the drug works by prohibiting the absorption of approximately one-quarter of any fat consumed.
 
 
The drug has had its challenges, in part as a result of its unpleasant side effects, including oily, loose stools. Marketing materials for Alli clearly note the importance of maintaining meals under 15 grams of fat to avoid oily stools. Educational pamphlets even advise people begin the program when they have a few days off work, or to bring an extra pair of pants to the office.
 
 
Annual sales of Alli have dropped 42% to $84 million in 2010 since its initial unveiling in 2007. Prescriptions of Xenical have fallen to 110,000 last year from 2.6 million in fiscal year 2000, according to data from the FDA and IMS Health.
 
 
Last year the FDA added warnings to Xenical and Alli about a few notations of liver damage. (WCxKit)
 
 
Public Citizen filed a similar petition to ban the drug five years ago, due to scientific studies tying it to precancerous lesions in rats. That petition only applied to the prescription version Xenical, which has been available in the U.S. dating back to 1999.
 
 
 
Author Robert Elliott, executive vice president, Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. has worked successfully for 20 years with many industries to reduce Workers Compensation costs, including airlines, healthcare, printing/publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality and manufacturing. See www.LowerWC.com for more information. Contact:Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com or 860-553-6604.
 
 
 
Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.
 
©2011 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com

Saskatchewan Adds Cancer to Coverage

 
The Saskatchewan government is adding esophageal cancer to the list of cancers considered occupational diseases for the province's full-time, professional firefighters.
 
 
Workplace Safety Minister Don Morgan says the amendment to the Workers Compensation Act signals the government's intent to cover risks posed by toxins, carcinogens and cancer-causing agents in the daily work of firefighters. (WCxKit)
 
 
There will be a minimum employment requirement period. No incremental costs to the Workers Compensation Board are expected with this legislation, since esophageal cancer claims are already accepted by the board if there is sufficient evidence establishing a causal link to the work performed.
 
There are close to 700 full-time, professional fire fighters in Saskatchewan.
 
 
Author Robert Elliott, executive vice president, Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. has worked successfully for 20 years with many industries to reduce Workers Compensation costs, including airlines, healthcare, printing/publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality and manufacturing. See www.LowerWC.com for more information. Contact:Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com or 860-553-6604.

 
Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.
 
©2011 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com

Scandinavian Study Shows Cancer Rates in 5 Countries by Profession

The NOCCA (Nordic Occupational Cancer) project recently reviewed some 2.8 million cases of cancer in five Scandinavian countries: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark.
 
 
This project relates localization of cancers to the patient’s professional activities. It takes account of the professions exercised by 15 million persons in the last four decades (from the early 60s to the end of the 90s). (WCxKit)
 
 
The results of the project show significant ties existing between working conditions and cancers. In certain cases, these results confirm ties that are already known, such as the relation between mesothelioma and professions involving exposure to asbestos (plumbers, sailors, etc.), skin cancers and fishermen and farmers who work outdoors, cancers of the nasal fossae and workers in the wood industry, a very large number of cancers in the building industry where workers are subjected to multiple exposure.
 
 
In other cases, the results of the project have brought new data.
 
 
For example, the project identified a greater prevalence of cancers of the mouth and the vagina among women working in the chemical industry; skin cancers and breast cancers (in both men and women) and ovarian cancers in people working in the printing industry; thyroid cancers among women working in agriculture.
 
 
To see more on this report, visit: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02841860902913546
 
 
Author Robert Elliott, executive vice president, Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. has worked successfully for 20 years with many industries to reduce Workers Compensation costs, including airlines, healthcare, printing/publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality and manufacturing. See www.LowerWC.com for more information. Contact:Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com or 860-553-6604.
 
 
 
Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.
 
©2011 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com

345 Ground Zero Workers Have Died of Cancer As of Last June

For the first time, a New York City official is reporting a rise in cancer for firefighters who served at Ground Zero, according to The New York Post.
 
 
Dr. David Prezant, the Fire Departments chief medical officer, discovered that firefighters who dug for victims at the World Trade Center are getting cancer at a larger rate than firefighters prior to 9/11 — and some forms of cancer are "bizarrely off the charts," claim sources briefed on the seven-year, federally funded study. (WCxKit)
 
 
Prezant discussed the findings with members of a WTC medical-monitoring committee last month, according to several attendees.
 
 
He has not yet unveiled the data, but sources claim he has cited unusual increases in three blood cancers — leukemia, non-Hodgkins lymphoma and multiple myeloma — as well as esophageal, prostate and thyroid cancers.
 
 
The report, slated for publication around the 10th anniversary of 9/11, would be the first to document a cancer-rate increase among rescue and recovery workers.
 
 
The city recently came to settlement on lawsuits by 10,000 WTC workers, more than 600 with cancer.
 
 
But officials have so far stood by the fact that there is no scientific proof that Ground Zero smoke and dust caused cancer.
 
 
Prezant noted researchers have compiled medical records for three years and had access to state cancer registries, though New York's is three years behind. "Those things keep adding cases," he informed the group.
 
 
In 2007, doctors at Mt. Sinai Medical Center, which monitors WTC responders other than FDNY, reported seeing blood cancers like multiple myeloma, which normally strikes in the 60s or 70s, among relatively young cops. (WCxKit)
 
 
The state Health Department has confirmed that 345 Ground Zero workers have passed away due to various cancers as of last June.
 
 
Author Robert Elliott, executive vice president, Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. has worked successfully for 20 years with many industries to reduce Workers Compensation costs, including airlines, healthcare, printing/publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality and manufacturing. See www.LowerWC.com for more information. Contact:Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com or 860-553-6604.
 
 
 
Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.
 
©2011 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com

Study Shows Lung Cancer Screening Reduces Deaths by 20%

The United Steelworkers (USW) recently issued an urgent call for a strategy meeting about occupational lung cancer medical screening.
 
In November, the National Cancer Institute released the results of a 10-year national study involving over 53,000 people that demonstrated that annual medical screening with a low dose helical chest CT scan lowered mortality due to lung cancer by 20%. (WCxKit)
 
“We are now presented with an enormous opportunity to save workers from dying from lung cancer,” said USW International President Leo Gerard. “Millions of workers have been exposed to asbestos, silica, chromium, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, nickel and combustion products – and all of these exposures are firmly established as causes of human lung cancer.”
 
 Work-related lung cancer claims 10,000 to 20,000 workers annually and is the leading occupational cancer in the U.S.
 
The landmark study is the first ever to prove that a screening method now exists that detects lung cancer at an early stage, one that permits early treatment and cure. The results were so convincing that the NCI halted the study early in order to inform participants and the general public about the effectiveness of applying low dose chest CT scans for the detection and treatment of lung cancer.
 
The USW currently sponsors the largest occupational lung cancer screening program in the United States, apart from the NCI trial. It is the CT scan-based Early Lung Cancer Detection Program and is co-sponsored by Queens College (City University of New York), and the Atomic Trades & Labor Council.
 
This program, funded by the Department of Energy (DOE), uses the same CT scan technique as the NCI trial and has screened over 10,000 nuclear weapons workers in three states between 2000 and 2010. Some 70 lung cancers, three-quarters of which are at an early stage, have been detected.
 
Union health and safety leaders and others need to meet in the very near future in Washington DC to devise a strategy for assuring that high risk workers are among the first to obtain the benefits of this new screening method,” said Gerard.
 
Topics for discussion would include: identifying and notifying workers at high risk of lung cancer; revising OSHA medical surveillance standards to include lung cancer screening; stimulating NIOSH to use its educational and research mechanisms to promote and apply the science of lung cancer screening; engaging professional organizations, government agencies, and health insurers to ensure that high risk workers are a priority in establishing lung cancer screening programs; disseminating  current knowledge about lung cancer screening throughout labor and allied organizations; and, identifying and promoting funding for CT-based lung cancer screening. (WCxKit)
 

The goal is straightforward but urgent,” added Steven Markowitz, MD, the occupational medicine physician who directs the USW’s Early Lung Cancer Detection Program. “Workers at high risk of lung cancer should have rapid access to a high quality, appropriate, comprehensive CT scan-based lung cancer screening services without financial barriers. We can save many lives.”


Author Robert Elliott
, executive vice president, Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. has worked successfully for 20 years with many industries to reduce Workers Compensation costs, including airlines, healthcare, printing/publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality and manufacturing. Contact:  Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com or 860-553-6604.

 
WORK COMP CALCULATOR:   http://www.LowerWC.com/calculator.php
 
WC GROUP:  http://www.linkedin.com/groups?homeNewMember=&gid=1922050/
SUBSCRIBE: 
Workers Comp Resource Center Newsletter

Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.

©2010 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact
Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com.

France Proposes New Cancer Classification for Formaldehyde Exposure

The French government has submitted a proposal to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) requesting the classification of formaldehyde be upgraded to a category one carcinogen.

According to ECHA, the dossier concerning formaldehyde is currently being processed. If it clears the accordance check and is accepted by the Member State Committee (MSC) for consideration, a public consultation could start by the end of the year or early 2011 – although the process can take longer, the agency notes (WCxKit)

At present at EU level the substance is classed as a category 3 carcinogen under the old dangerous substances Directive (DSD), which is being progressively replaced by CLP. A category 1 or 2 classification under the DSD or a 1A or 1B classification under CLP would have significant implications for use of formaldehyde, which has a wide range of applications.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified formaldehyde as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). Formaldehyde is used mainly in the production of resins that are used as adhesives and binders for wood products, paper pulp, paper, glasswool and rockwool. It is also used extensively in the production of plastics and coatings, textile finishing and the manufacture of industrial chemicals. It is used as a disinfectant and preservative in many applications.

In July 2009, the European Federation of Building and Wood Workers (EFBWW) and the European Furniture Manufacturers Federation (EFMF) adopted a statement in which they requested the EU to legislate on formaldehyde. (WCxKit)

France’s National Research and Safety Institute (INRS) estimates that more than a million European workers are exposed to formaldehyde to some degree or other.

Author Robert Elliott, executive vice president, Amaxx Risks Solutions, Inc. has worked successfully for 20 years with many industries to reduce Workers Compensation costs, including airlines, healthcare, printing/publishing, pharmaceuticals, retail, hospitality and manufacturing. Contact:  Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com or 860-553-6604.

 
WORK COMP CALCULATOR:   http://www.LowerWC.com/calculator.php
 
WC GROUP:  http://www.linkedin.com/groups?homeNewMember=&gid=1922050/
SUBSCRIBE: 
Workers Comp Resource Center Newsletter

Do not use this information without independent verification. All state laws vary. You should consult with your insurance broker or agent about workers comp issues.

©2010 Amaxx Risk Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved under International Copyright Law. If you would like permission to reprint this material, contact
Info@ReduceYourWorkersComp.com.

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